TELEFON 07420.2233

What is Flexible Budget? Variance, Formula and Example

Examples Of Flexible Budgeting

Before exploring the last example, let’s summarize what the previous examples have demonstrated. Therefore, intensity is not a useful measure of sustainability efficiency which must be measured using the flexible budgeting methodology we are demonstrating.

  • The static budget serves as a mechanism to prevent overspending and match expenses–or outgoing payments–with incoming revenue from sales.
  • Selected information may also be shared with a business’s suppliers and customers via electronic data interchange.
  • It helps in variance analysis after comparison with the actual results and measure the performance of various departments.
  • The AICPA urges its members to be the forerunners in the sustainability reporting movement by elevating its credibility.
  • The original budget for selling expenses included variable and fixed expenses.

Presumably, it is a good thing to produce and sell more than planned, but the Examples Of Flexible Budgeting s resulting from the higher costs can appear as a bad thing! However, there is a potential shortcoming in using static budgets for performance evaluation. Specifically, when the actual output varies from the anticipated level, variances are likely to arise. In this, one prepares different budgets for varied activity levels. Among all, the one closer to the actual activity is to be considered.

Flexible budgets make sense

The second budget is our flexible budget – using all of the same assumptions about sales price, cost of raw materials and cost of labour – but adjusted for the actual units sold. Big Bad Bikes is planning to use a flexible budget when they begin making trainers. The company knows its variable costs per unit and knows it is introducing its new product to the marketplace.

  • There were direct variable costs for materials $0.80, labour $1.00, overhead $0.50 and selling and administration $0.50.
  • But this can be dealt with by putting a Flexible budget in place.
  • While it’s possible that these costs will change slightly, most businesses simply budget for them upfront.
  • A common solution to this problem is to convert physical measures of output to the sales value of output and then combine revenue totals.
  • Each unit will bring in a net profit of $50, so the net profit per month will be 100 X 50, or $5,000.
  • Managerial accounting is the practice of analyzing and communicating financial data to managers, who use the information to make business decisions.

It establish the variability of cost factors at different levels of activity. Fixed costs do not change each month, i.e., they remain the same. The company also knows that the depreciation, supervision, and other fixed costs come to about $35,000 per month.

Understanding a Static Budget

When using a static budget, some managers use it as a target for expenses, costs, and revenue while others use a static budget to forecast the company’s numbers. Changing costs in the manufacturing process can severely impact your profit margin. Any unexpected market shifts may find a material essential to your production line suddenly costing more than three times the original budgeted amount. There are many companies like service industries where variable costs don’t have a major role to play and such companies do not require a flexible budget. Now that we know how to create the flexible budget, the next step is to understand the variance analysis – the comparison between the flexible budget and the business’s actual performance. The table below shows that Lobster Instant Noodles sold 7000 less units and instead of making a budgeted $42,500 of profit, instead made just $900.

By the fourth quarter, sales are expected to be strong enough to pay back the financing from earlier in the year. The budget shown inFigure 10.27illustrates the payment of interest and contains information helpful to management when determining which items should be produced if production capacity is limited. It is also a useful planning tool for managers, who can use it to model the likely financial results at a variety of different activity levels.

Time Delay Issues

These budgets are different in different levels of activities, which facilitate the ascertainment of fixation of cost, selling prices, and tendering of quotations. A flexible budget will show the variance in both revenue and spending.


Still, flexibility is incredibly important for young companies. Growth rarely happens in exactly the way your original business plan described.

We can use any of these three methods to prepare the budget. But, the method selected must serve the purpose of developing such a budget.

What companies use flexible budgets?

Organizations such as restaurants, manufacturing firms and even hotels use flexible budgets because they react rapidly to keep the organization's business profitable. It enables these businesses or organizations to meet the evolving daily needs of the company's business operations.

Flexible budgets demand a bit of imagination and require time spent accounting for hypotheticals, but they allow businesses to adapt to changing external factors. Flexible budgets are produced in real time to account for changes in revenue based on variations in units sold or sales price. These variances are used to assess whether the differences were favorable or unfavorable . If an organization’s actual costs were below the static budget and revenue exceeded expectations, the resulting lift in profit would be a favorable result. Conversely, if revenue didn’t at least meet the targets set in the static budget, or if actual costs exceeded the pre-established limits, the result would lead to lower profits. The static budget is intended to be fixed and unchanging for the duration of the period, regardless of fluctuations that may affect outcomes.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Schiller Haustechnik

Paulinenstraße 21
78652 Deißlingen

Telefon 07420.22.33
Telefax: 07420.2524


Badprodukte Badsanierung Barrierefrei Pflege + Wellness Regenerative Energien Sanitärtechnik Heiztechnik  Fördermittel Klima + Lüftung Wasser- / Abwasser Schutz und Sicherheit Sanitärtechnik Heizungstechnik